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continued discharge, though it may not threaten life, must occasion a
weakness which will take a long time to overcome, and which may
ultimately, if not properly attended to, promote the development of
other diseases of the womb.
IF THE FLOODING IS PROFUSE
and uncontrolled by the means before mentioned, one grain and a half
of sugar of lead may be given every two or three hours, and washed
down with a drink of vinegar and water, to which, if there is much
pain, add from five to ten drops of laudanum.
Pieces of linen or cotton cloth should be soaked in a strong solution
of alum, or a decoction of oak bark; and then well oiled; with this
cloth plug the passage or birthplace; or, some of this astringent wash
may be thrown up with a syringe.
But, during the time and after miscarriage, the general strength must
be supported by a strengthening diet, such as soups, meat, etc.,
avoiding stimulants as much as possible. Nevertheless, in some cases
wine or malt liquors may be necessary in convalescence, or when
recovering, and if so may be assisted by tonic or strengthening
medicines, such as contain mineral acid. Bark or iron are generally
given as the most appropriate remedies. The bowels will, in some
cases, require strict attention, as indeed they do throughout, and for
this purpose castor oil is a good medicine, or clysters of cold or
tepid water are most useful. A teaspoonful of Epsom salts dissolved in
half a pint of water, either cold or slightly warmed, to which add
fifteen drops of elixir vitriol, forms a most excellent and mild
purgative, which should be taken before breakfast. In all cases where
the constitution of the woman has a tendency to miscarriage or
abortion, a quiet state of mind should be observed, avoiding all
violent exertions, particularly lifting heavy weights. These
principles of treatment are to be kept in mind in the management of
The first, to prevent it, if possible, by rest, opiates, etc.
The second, to allay pain, moderate the discharge of blood, and to
save and support the strength of the patient.
The third, when abortion must take place, to expedite the separation
of the ovum and free the contents of the womb. This is generally done
by simply occasionally drinking cold water, and in difficult cases, if
necessary, by the administration of spurred rye. The dose is a strong
infusion or tea given every twenty or thirty minutes until the desired
effect is produced, as long as the stomach will bear it.
The health of pregnant females should at all times be an object of
great care and interest; and they should be impressed with the
conviction that while
BEARING THE FIRST CHILD
they may, by proper care and attention, lay the foundation for their
future health and that of their offspring; while by neglect and
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