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TO TAKE LEAF PHOTOGRAPHS.
A very pretty amusement, especially for those who have just completed
the study of botany, is the taking of leaf photographs. One very
simple process is this: At any druggist's get an ounce of bichromate
of potassium. Put this into a pint bottle of water. When the solution
becomes saturated--that is, the water has dissolved as much as it
will--pour off some of the clear liquid into a shallow dish; on this
float a piece of ordinary writing paper till it is thoroughly
moistened, and let it dry in the dark. It should be of a bright yellow
color. On this put the leaf, under it a piece of black soft cloth and
several sheets of newspaper. Put these between two pieces of glass
(all the pieces should be of the same size) and with spring
clothespins fasten them together. Expose to a bright sun, placing the
leaf so that the rays will fall upon it as nearly perpendicular as
possible. In a few moments it will begin to turn brown; but it
requires from half an hour to several hours to produce a perfect
print. When it has become dark enough, take it from the frame and put
it into clear water, which must be changed every few minutes until the
yellow part becomes white. Sometimes the veinings will be quite
distinct. By following these directions it is scarcely possible to
fail, and a little practice will make perfect.
TO MAKE LAMP WICKS INDESTRUCTIBLE.
Steep common wicks in a concentrated aqueous solution of tungstate of
soda, and then dry thoroughly in an oven.
TO MAKE DIFFERENT KINDS OF PERFUMES.
BALM OF A THOUSAND FLOWERS.
Deodorized alcohol, one pint; nice white bar soap, four ounces. Shave
the soap when put in; stand in a warm place till dissolved; then add
oil of citronella, one dram, and oils of neroli and rosemary, of each
Spirits, one gallon; oil of bergamot, one ounce; oil of lemon, one
ounce: Macerate for four days, frequently shaking; then add water, one
gallon; orange flower water, one pint; essence of vanilla, two ounces.
Spirits of wine, five gallons; orange flower water, one gallon; balsam
of Peru, four ounces; essence of bergamot, eight ounces; essence of
musk, eight ounces; essence of cloves, four ounces; essence of neroli,
two ounces. Mix.
Spirits of wine, one gallon; otto of roses, twenty drops; essence of
thyme, one-half ounce; essence of neroli, one-quarter ounce; essence
of vanilla, one-half ounce; essence of bergamot, one-quarter ounce;
orange flower water, six ounces. Mix.
Spirits of wine, four quarts; essence of cedrate, two drams; essence
violets, one-quarter ounce; essence of neroli, one-half ounce; otto of
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