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air; dampen it a little and keep pressing equally so that the design
may adhere firmly in every part. When the cement is sufficiently dry
dampen again with water (a little more freely) and remove the paper.
Be careful in manipulating this process, or you will remove some of
the colored part with it. If such should occur, instantly replace it
as well as you are able, or, if you have a knowledge of Oriental
painting, your panacea will be in that. You can retouch with these
colors and bring it back nearly to its original beauty. In case you
have no knowledge of Oriental painting, match the colors as nearly as
possible with water-color paints, allow time to dry, and varnish with
Sometimes the cement becomes too thick for use. It may be restored to
its proper flowing consistency by placing the bottle in a bed of warm
sand, and can then be applied while warm. If you apply your design to
a dark groundwork, it would be desirable to give your picture a
coating of Winsor and Newton's Chinese white. The reason for this is
that some parts of the picture are semi-transparent, and these would
lose their brilliancy if transferred directly upon a dark background
without first painting.
TO TRANSFER ON WOOD.
Dissolve some salt in soft water, float your engraving on the
surface--picture side uppermost--and let it remain about an hour. The
screen, box or table on which you wish to transfer the design should
be of bird's-eye maple or other light-colored hardwood, varnished with
the best copal or transfer varnish.
Take the picture from the water, dry a little between blotters, place
the engraving--picture side downwards--on the varnished wood and
smooth it nicely. If the picture entirely covers the wood after the
margin has been cut off so that no varnish is exposed, lay over it a
thin board, on which place a heavy weight, and leave it for
twenty-four hours. If you wish but a small picture in the center of
the surface of the wood, apply the varnish only to a space the size of
the picture. Dip your finger in the solution of salt and water and
commence rubbing off the paper; the nearer you come to the engraving
the more careful you must be, as a hole in it will spoil your work.
Rub slowly and patiently until you have taken off every bit of the
paper and left only the black lines and touches of your picture on the
wood, in an inverted direction. Finish up with two or three coats of
TO TRANSFER ON SILK.
Apply a coating of mastic varnish to the design and allow it to dry;
then with a brush wash the paper surrounding the design carefully;
this removes from the paper the preparation, which would otherwise
soil the silk. Apply a second coating of the same varnish, and when
this is slightly dried place the design upon the silk or other fabric
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