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spots, resembling stains, common on the face and the backs of the
hands of persons with a fair and delicate skin who are much exposed to
the direct rays of the sun in hot weather, are of little importance in
themselves, and have nothing to do with the general health. Ladies who
desire to remove them may have recourse to the frequent application of
dilute spirit, or lemon juice, or a lotion formed by adding acetic,
hydrochloric, nitric, or sulphuric acid, or liquor of potassa, to
water, until it is just strong enough to slightly prick the tongue.
One part of good Jamaica rum to two parts of lemon juice or weak
vinegar is a good form of lotion for the purpose. The effect of all
these lotions is increased by the addition of a little glycerine.
The preceding are also occasionally called "common freckles," "summer
freckles," and "sun freckles." In some cases they are very persistent,
and resist all attempts to remove them while the exposure that
produces them is continued. Their appearance may be prevented by the
greater use of the veil, parasol or sunshade, or avoidance of exposure
to the sun during the heat of the day.
Another variety, popularly known as cold freckles, occur at all
seasons of the year, and usually depend on disordered health or some
disturbance of the natural functions of the skin. Here the only
external application that proves useful is the solution of bichloride
of mercury and glycerine, or Gowland's lotion.
=The Itch=--"psora" and "scabies," of medical authors; the "gale" of the
French,--already referred to, in its common forms is an eruption of
minute vesicles, generally containing animalcula (acari), and of which
the principal seats are between the fingers, bend of the wrist, etc.
It is, accompanied by intense itching of the parts affected, which is
only aggravated by scratching. The usual treatment is with sulphur
ointment (simple or compound) well rubbed in once or twice a day; a
spoonful (more or less) of flowers of sulphur, mixed with treacle or
milk, being taken at the same time, night and morning. Where the
external use of sulphur is objectionable, on account of its smell, a
sulphuretten bath or lotion, or one of chloride of lime, may be used
instead. In all cases extreme cleanliness, with the free use of soap
and water, must be strictly adhered to.
The small, soft discolorations and excrescences of the skin, popularly
called moles, may be removed by touching them every second or third
day with strong acetic or nitric acid, or with lunar caustic. If
covered with hair they should be shaved first.
=Extreme paleness= of the skin, when not symptomatic of any primary
disease, generally arises from debility, or from the languid
circulation of the blood at the surface of the body; often, also, from
insufficient or improper food, want of outdoor exercise, and the like.
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